北里大学医学部入試問題解説

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北里大学医学部過去問研究2009年度英語入試問題

こんにちは 英語指導専門プロ家庭教師の高田です。

今回は北里大学の医学部入試問題長文2題の中からTVニュースのスクリプトをとりあげます。

2009年度北里大学医学部英語入試問題は例年通りオールマークシート解答形式で、長文2、アクセント、空欄適語挿入、適語選択会話、英作文、正誤の大問7題構成でした。

標準レベルの問題です。

医学部入試問題ですから医学用語、最新の医療事情を踏まえた出題です。

問題U本文



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問題

問1 本文中の(17)〜(26)の空欄に入る最も適切なものを、それぞれ@〜Dの中から一つずつ選びなさい。

(17)  @ with A for B on C in D from

(18)  @ By virtue of A As for B But for C On account of D In behalf of

(19)  @ Unlike A Like B In case Co Besides D Owing to

(20)  @ has been frustrated A was frustrating B has frustration C frustrated D has been frustrating

(21)  @ be A being Bam C to be D to have been

(22)  @ fit in A fill in B give in C take in D set in

(23)  @ avoided A addressed B appeared C applied D attended

(24)  @It is no wonder that A It is unavoidable when B It is questionable if C It is not the case that D It is forgettable that

(25)  @ underlooking A overcoming B overreacting C underperforming D underestimating

(26)  @ if we don't try harder A unless we try hard B although we tried harder Cif we just tried harder D as we have tried hard

問2 本文中の[ア][イ]の空欄に入る最も適切なものを、それぞれ@〜Dの中から一つずつ選びなさい。
[ア]@ Anything could be further from the truth.

  A A little might be closer to the truth.

  B A few would be further from the truth.

  CNothing could be further from the truth.

  D Little may be closer to the truth.

[イ]@be They really need to be rejected

  A They are grateful to be left out

  BThey are unwilling to be incorporated

  CThey are eager to be eliminated 

  DThey just want to be included

問3 下記の(29)〜(31)の@〜Dの文の中から本文の内容と一致しないものを、それぞれ一つずつ選びなさい。

(29)@ Katy feels cats rely less on body language than dogs.

  A Katy wants to live in a society where both handicapped and non-handicapped can live together.

  B Katy shows that certain population of autistic people cant communicate what tey are thinking with a sophisticated communication device.

  C In the new program, the anchor wrapped up the story of a woman with autism with the comments from a physician.

  D Ktheaty speaks for the basic human rights of the autistic.

(30) @ A reporter was able to visit Katy in person.

  A In her childhood, Katy felt more comfortable with animals than with humans.

  B In the early years of her life, Kath didn't show any signs of being unusual.

  C Katy realies heavily on a voice synthesizer linked to keyboard to interact with people.

  D A TV program focusing on Katy, an autistic woman, was broadcast twon nights in a row.

(31) @ Doctors identified the clinical nature of Katy's medical condition during her adolescence.

  A Professor Brown believes there is a lot of importance in haveing and accepting diversity in society.

  B Katy describes her experience as an autistic person with the help of a high-tech device.

  C Many autistic person are likely to have trouble in establishing human relationships.

  D Katy totally lost her verbal communication abilities although she is not mentally deiabled.

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問1解説 解答

問1 本文中の(17)〜(26)の空欄に入る最も適切なものを、それぞれ@〜Dの中から一つずつ選びなさい。

(17)

She can't speak ( 17 ) the way that most people can. @ with A for B on C in D from

解説  in :表現の)方法・形式))…で  

  She can't speak (C in ) the way that most people can. たいていの人が出来るようには(方法では)彼女は話せない。

(18)

( 18 ) a device that synthesizes words as she types on a keyboard, we would not be able to communicate with her at all.
  @ By virtue of A As for B But for C On account of D In behalf of

解説  群前置詞の選択問題 @ by virtue of 〜のおかげで,〜の理由で A as for 〜はどうかといえば B but for 〜がなかったら C on account of のために 〜D in half of 〜に代わって,〜のために  

  (B But for) a device that synthesizes words as she types on a keyboard, we would not be able to communicate with her at all.  彼女がキーボードを打ちながら言葉を合成する装置がなかったら彼女とは全然理解し合えなかっただろう。

(19・20) ( 19 ) most people with autism, since childhood, Kath (20) by her difficulties relating to others.
(19)  @ Unlike A Like B In case C Besides D Owing to
(20)  @ has been frustrated A was frustrating B has frustration C frustrated D has been frustrating

解説
(A Like) most people with autism, since childhood, Kath (@ has been frustrated) by her difficulties relating to others.
たいていの自閉症の人のように(と同様)子供のころからKathは他人との関係がうまくいかず失望をしてきた。since childhood より完了形。 frustrate は自動詞なので、受動態にする。



(21) I remember just ( 21 ) angry that I was different before I knew I was specifically autistic.
@ be A being Bam C to be D to have been

解説
remember to-動詞の原形 忘れずに〜する remember〜ing 〜したのを覚えている

I remember just (A being) angry that I was different before I knew I was specifically autistic.

わたしが自閉症だと分かる前はわたしが人と違うことにいらだっていたことを覚えている。

(22・23) But she still tried to (22).She learned to read, even (23) regular elementary school.
(22)@ fit in A fill in B give in C take in D set in
(23)@ avoided A addressed B appeared C applied D attended

解説解答
@ fit in〈(…と)適合[調和]する, なじむ(…に)合わせる((with ...));〈日時・会議などを〉都合つける;〈人と〉会う都合をつける
D attended school(class, meeting) 出席する
But she still tried to (@ fit in ).She learned to read, even (D attended) regular elementary school.
それでも彼女は依然として都合をつけて、たとえ小学校の授業でさえ出席し読むことを学ぼうとしてした。

(24) (24) she found comfort not with other kids but with her pets.
@It is no wonder that A It is unavoidable when B It is questionable if C It is not the case that D It is forgettable that

解説解答
@It is no wonder that  当然だ A It is unavoidable when  避けられない。B It is questionable if  疑問の余地がある 疑わしい C It is not the case that  本当ではない D It is forgettable that 忘れられがちだ 許される

(@It is no wonder that) she found comfort not with other kids but with her pets.
子供たちとではなくペットといると気持ちが安らぐのは当然だ。

(25) Yes, a lot of it is just people reading us wrong and (25) us.
@ underlooking A overcoming B overreacting C underperforming D underestimating

解説解答
A overcome 克服する B overreact 過激な反応を示す D underestimae 過小評価する 見くびる
Yes, a lot of it is just people reading us wrong and ( D underestimating ) us.
私たちを悪く取って見くびる人は多い。

(26) As I sat with her in her apartmentn, I couldn't help but wonder how many more people like Katy are out there, hidden, but reachable, (26).
@ if we don't try harder A unless we try hard B although we tried harder Cif we just tried harder D as we have tried hard

解説解答

As I sat with her in her apartmentn, I couldn't help but wonder how many more people like Katy are out there, hidden, but reachable, (Cif we just tried harder).

彼女とアパートに一緒にいるとき幾度も幾度もKatyのような人々が、すぐにその場から離れて、隠れてしまうが、もしすぐ探そうとするとすぐ手の届くいるところにいることに驚かざるをえなかった。

北里大学医学部入試問題解説・解答TOPに戻る

問2解説 解答

問2 本文中の[ア][イ]の空欄に入る最も適切なものを、それぞれ@〜Dの中から一つずつ選びなさい。
[ア]@ Anything could be further from the truth

  A A little might be closer to the truth.

  B A few would be further from the truth.

  C Nothing could be further from the truth.

  D Little may be closer to the truth.

解説解答
Katy told me that because she doesn't communicate with conventional spoken words, she is written off, discarded and thought of as mentally retarded.C Nothing could be further from the truth.As I sat with her in her apartmentn, I couldn't help but wonder how many more people like Katy are out there, hidden, but reachable, if we just tried harder.



[イ]@be They really need to be rejected.

  A They are grateful to be left out.

  BThey are unwilling to be incorporated.

  CThey are eager to be eliminated. 

  DThey just want to be included.

解説解答
They don't want to be excluded. They don't want to be separated.DThey just want to be included. And the critical piece is acceptance and appreciation of that diversity..

問3(29)解説 解答

問3 下記の(29)〜(31)の@〜Dの文の中から本文の内容と一致しないものを、それぞれ一つずつ選びなさい。

(29)@ Katy feels cats rely less on body language than dogs.

  A Katy wants to live in a society where both handicapped and non-handicapped can live together.

  B Katy shows that certain population of autistic people cant communicate what tey are thinking with a sophisticated communication device.

  C In the new program, the anchor wrapped up the story of a woman with autism with the comments from a physician.

  D Ktheaty speaks for the basic human rights of the autistic.

解説解答
C In the new program, the anchor wrapped up the story of a woman with autism with the comments from a physician.

問3(30)解説 解答

(30) @ A reporter was able to visit Katy in person.

  A In her childhood, Katy felt more comfortable with animals than with humans.

  B In the early years of her life, Kath didn't show any signs of being unusual.

  C Katy realies heavily on a voice synthesizer linked to keyboard to interact with people.

  D A TV program focusing on Katy, an autistic woman, was broadcast twon nights in a row.

解説解答
B In the early years of her life, Kath didn't show any signs of being unusual.

問3(31)解説 解答

(31) @ Doctors identified the clinical nature of Katy's medical condition during her adolescence.

  A Professor Brown believes there is a lot of importance in haveing and accepting diversity in society.

  B Katy describes her experience as an autistic person with the help of a high-tech device.

  C Many autistic person are likely to have trouble in establishing human relationships.

  D Katy totally lost her verbal communication abilities although she is not mentally deiabled.

解説解答

D Katy totally lost her verbal communication abilities although she is not mentally deiabled.
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